Biology


Changes effective Fall Term 2018

Brannock Fokidis Harper Palow
Pieczynski Santiago Stephenson Sutherland
Walsh

The biology major exposes students to a wide variety of field, laboratory, and classroom experiences fundamental to the life sciences. Through selected electives, students may concentrate on specific areas of interest such as marine biology, ecology, microbiology, botany, zoology, or molecular biology. The major also offers the flexibility for students to minor in another area or to fulfill requirements for secondary teaching certification. Students have excellent opportunities to engage in independent research projects. Graduates are prepared to pursue employment in biological laboratories, and for further study in the health professions or graduate research institutions. Students may not simultaneously major or minor in biology and marine biology, or biochemistry/molecular biology.

Students with AP Biology scores of 5, or IB scores of 5, 6, or 7 (on the higher level IB exam), can be given the option of exemption from either BIO 120 or BIO 121 upon department chair approval.

MAJOR REQUIREMENTS

Eleven (11) core courses, an additional 10 semester hours of BIO prefix elective course credit, and six (6) semester hours of additional science elective are required: seven (7) core biology courses, three (3) core physical science courses, 10 semester hours of Biology elective courses, and six (6) semesters of required science elective, and satisfactory performance on a comprehensive standardized examination. At least seven (7) of the eleven (11) courses required for the biology major must be taken at Rollins College or as part of a Rollins-sanctioned program (e.g., Duke Marine Laboratory, University of London). Of these seven (7), at least five (5) must be BIO courses beyond BIO 120/121. To declare this major, a student must have a minimum 2.0 GPA in at least two (2) of the courses listed on the major map.

CORE BIOLOGY COURSES (seven courses)

  • BIO 120 General Biology I
  • BIO 121 General Biology II
  • One course in molecular biology/genetics
    • BIO 308 Genetics
    • BIO 310 Microbial Genetics
    • BIO 341 Molecular Biology
  • One course in Ecosystems/field study
    • BIO 210 Introduction to Marine Science and BIO 388 Marine Biology Laboratory
    • BIO 316 Ecology
    • BIO 330 Field Botany and Florida Ecosystems
  • One course in Physiology
    • BIO 311 Plant Physiology
    • BIO 312 Animal Physiology
    • BIO 329 Microbial Physiology
    • BIO 360 Cell Biology
  • BIO 344 Biology Journal Club
  • BIO 440 Senior Seminar OR BIO 499 Independent Study: Biological Research

CORE CHEMISTRY COURSES (three courses)

  • CHM 120 General Chemistry I or CHM 130 Advanced Chemistry I
  • CHM 121 General Chemistry II or CHM 131 Advanced Chemistry II
  • CHM 220 Organic Chemistry I

OR

  • CHM 121 General Chemistry II or CHM 131 Advanced Chemistry II
  • CHM 220 Organic Chemistry I
  • CHM 221 Organic Chemistry II

BIOLOGY ELECTIVES
Ten (10) semester hours.

  • Any biology course from BIO 210 and above. Courses from the core groupings, other than those used to satisfy the core, may be used as electives.
  • Plants play a central role in our biosphere. However, our modern society often fails to recognize the significance of plants in biological systems, the scientific contributions of plant-based research, and the importance of plants in human affairs. Therefore, the department recommends that at least one (1) of the courses taken to fulfill the requirements for a major in biology be a plant-oriented biology course.

ADDITIONAL REQUIRED SCIENCE ELECTIVE
Six (6) semester hours

  • One course of at least six (6) semester hours selected from the following: PHY 120 or above, CHM 301 or above, PSY 250 or above, MAT 111 or above.


RECOMMENDATIONS

Students preparing for graduate programs in biology or professional schools, in health-related areas such as medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, or pharmacy need a thorough introduction to chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Therefore, they are advised to take CHM 221 and PHY 120 and PHY 121 or PHY 130 and PHY 131, (a) calculus course(s), and a statistics course. In addition, some professional schools now require biochemistry. Students should be aware that requirements of different programs can vary and that they should seek guidance from advisors and program directors.

OFF-CAMPUS EXPERIENCES

Rollins College, has an agreement with Marine Biological Laboratories at Duke University enabling students to spend a semester there. Courses taken at the Duke lab can be used to fulfill two courses in the biology major (any combination of core and electives). Students need to petition and receive approval from the Department of Biology for this and any other off-campus program.

MINOR REQUIREMENTS

Six (6) core courses and an additional four (4) semester hours of BIO prefix elective course credit are required: four (4) core biology courses, two (2) core chemistry courses, and 4 semester hours of elective courses. At least four (4) of the courses required for the biology minor must be taken at Rollins College or as part of a Rollins sanctioned program (e.g., Duke Marine lab, University of London). Of these four (4), at least three (3) must be BIO courses beyond BIO 120/121. To declare this minor, a student must have a minimum 2.0 GPA in at least two (2) of the courses listed on the minor map.

CORE BIOLOGY COURSES (four courses)

  • BIO 120 General Biology I
  • BIO 121 General Biology II

Two (2) courses satisfying two (2) out of the following three (3) clusters: molecular biology/genetics, ecosystems/field study, and physiology.

  • Molecular biology/genetics
    • BIO 308 Genetics
    • BIO 310 Microbial Genetics
    • BIO 341 Molecular Biology
  • Ecosystems/Field study
    • BIO 210 Introduction to Marine Science and BIO 388 Marine Biology Laboratory
    • BIO 316 Ecology
    • BIO 330 Field Botany and Florida Ecosystems
  • Physiology
    • BIO 311 Plant Physiology
    • BIO 312 Animal Physiology
    • BIO 329 Microbial Physiology
    • BIO 360 Cell Biology

CORE CHEMISTRY COURSES (two courses in Chemistry selected from the list below.)

  • CHM 120 General Chemistry I or CHM 130 Advanced Chemistry I
  • CHM 121 General Chemistry II or CHM 131 Advanced Chemistry II
  • CHM 220 Organic Chemistry I

BIOLOGY ELECTIVES
Four (4) semester hours

A minimum of four (4) semester hours from BIO 210 and above.

After satisfying core requirements in the cellular/molecular biology ecosystems/field study, and physiology clusters, additional courses from these lists may be used as electives.

Course of Study

BIO 102 Medical Terminology -- Language of Health Professionals. Introduces the language of medicine utilized by health care professionals. Basic word structures (prefixes, sufixes, word root, combining forms), formation of medical terms, abbreviations, definitions, special endings, and plural forms are included in the content. Discusses major disease processes and pathological conditions of specific body systems. Emphasis on spelling, usage, pronunciation, and a systemic approach to learning word parts for constructing, or analyzing new medical terms. Prerequisites: One ENG course.

BIO 112 Biological Aspects of Nutrition: Examines foods, nutrients, and biological processes by which humans ingest, digest, metabolize, transport, utilize, and excrete wastes. Covers current concepts in scientific nutrition and how they apply to personal health. Lab course for nonmajors.

BIO 113 Plants and Humanity: Explores human dependence on plants through investigations of plant structure and function, development, inheritance, diversity, and environmental interactions. Weighs value and limits of scientific approaches to improving world's food and biodiversity crises. Lab course for nonmajors.

BIO 120 General Biology I: Includes cell structure and function, genetics and evolution, and diversity of organisms and ecology. Lab required.

BIO 121 General Biology II: Includes cell structure and function, genetics and evolution, and diversity of organisms and ecology. Lab required. Prerequisite/Corequisite: BIO 120 and CHM 120 or CHM 130.

BIO 201 Careers in Biology: Introduces students to the variety of career opportunities available to biology majors. Course topics include internship and research opportunities, graduate school, resumes, and career preparation. Students will investigate possible careers and meet professionals in a variety of biological fields. Lecture only. Prerequisite: BIO 120.

BIO 210  Introduction to Marine Science: Introduction to biological, physical, chemical, and geological processes in the oceans and coastal environments and their interaction. Introduces scientific concepts used to study marine ecosystems. Lecture Only. Prerequisite: BIO 121 or ENV 225.

BIO 211 Marine Botany: Study of marine macro- and microalgae, and coastal vascular plants. Human impact and interaction with these ecosystems is also examined. Lab required with mandatory two weekend field trips. Prerequisite: BIO 121.

BIO 225 Evolution: Integrates previous coursework with new scientific and philosophical material on processes and mechanisms of evolution. Lecture only. Prerequisite: BIO 121.

BIO 229 Microbiology: Emphasizes metabolism, genetics, reproduction, and ecology of bacteria and viruses and their relationship to infectious disease and immunology. Develops basic research and microbiological lab skills. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIO 121 and CHM 120 or CHM 130.

BIO 236 Invertebrate Zoology: Examines animal kingdom from sponges through invertebrate chordates, with emphasis on evolution and organization of animal diversity. Lab required with one mandatory weekend field trip, with emphasis on faunal groups from Central Florida and Florida Keys. Prerequisite: BIO 121.

BIO 237 Vertebrate Zoology: Surveys vertebrate chordates from jawless lamprey through fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Stresses structural and functional characteristics, evolutionary relationships, ecology, behavior, and distribution. Lab required that requires one weekend field trip. Focuses on Florida fish and wildlife. Prerequisite: BIO 121.

BIO 245 Human Anatomy with Laboratory: Studies major human organ systems and their functional characteristics in normal and abnormal states. Designed primarily for students preparing for the study of physical therapy, occupational therapy, other allied health professions, and those biology or other majors not planning to attend medical or dental school. Lab required. Includes study of human bones, microscopic slides of tissues, and dissection of cats and other mammalian organs. Prerequisite: BIO 121.

BIO 246 Human Physiology: Studies the function of human systems (cardiovascular, muscle, nervous, etc.) related to homeostasis. Designed primarily for students preparing for the study of physical therapy, occupational therapy, other allied health professions, and those biology or other students not planning to attend medical, dental, or graduate school. Lab required. Involves physiological studies on humans and other mammals. Prerequisite: BIO 121.

BIO 301 The Biology of Fungal Pathogens: Explores diversity, ecology, physiology, and reproduction of common animal and plant pathogens. Incorporates general aspects of fungal biology and evolution. Lecture only. Prerequisites: BIO 121.

BIO 308 Genetics: Analyzes prokaryotic and eukaryotic genetics at the level of molecule, cell, organism and population. Uses quantitative approach in presentation of concepts and in genetic analysis. Lab required. Prerequisites: BIO 121 and CHM 121 or CHM 131.

BIO 310 Microbial Genetics: Microbial genetics is essential for understanding molecular biological studies, the manipulation of eukaryotic organisms, and for practical applications in diverse areas of life sciences. In microbial genetics the study of genomes, genes and gene expression in prokaryotes is a means to understanding biology. Microbes have been used extensively to explore the structure, function, regulation, and evolution of gnees. In this course we will learn about the evolution of microbes, the regulation of gene expression, heredity and transferable genetic elements, tools for genetic manipulation, and the mechanisms involving the repair and maintenance of DNA integrity. We will also talk about current genetic technologies and techniques used in research in the "omics" era. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIO 121 and CHM 121 orCHM 130.

BIO 311 Plant Physiology: Analyzes life processes of higher plants: water relations, mineral nutrition, cellular and long-distance transport, photosynthesis, carbon and nitrogen metabolism, and hormonal control of development. Lab required. Prerequisites: BIO 121 and CHM 121 or CHM 131.

BIO 312 Animal Physiology: Studies animals at cellular and organismic levels: nervous, muscular, endocrine, excretory, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, and reproductive systems. Lab required. Prerequisites: BIO 121 and CHM 121 or CHM 131.

BIO 316 Ecology: Explores processes and organization of populations, communities, and ecosystems. Lab required which uses standard field and methodologies to analyze aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems of Central Florida. Prerequisite: BIO 121 or ENV 225.

BIO 329 Microbial Physiology: Explores the structure of prokaryotic cells through investigations of the diverse chemistry, genetics, and metabolism of these microbes. Lab required. Prerequisites: BIO 229 and CHM 121 or CHM 131.

BIO 330 Field Botany and Florida Ecosystems:  Examines taxonomy, evolution, ecology, and environmental significance of local flora through directed observations, identification, and experimental analysis. Explores Florida natural ecosystems and native species. Lab required with mandatory weekend field trip. Prerequisite: BIO 121 or ENV 225.

BIO 335 Marine Biology: Examines the adaptations of marine organisms to their environment, and the ecological principles and processes that structure their associations. Lab required. Prerequisites: BIO 210.

BIO 340 Topics in Biology: Focuses on specialized topic such as epidemiology, immunology, medical microbiology, nutrition, parasitology, physiological ecology, or virology -- depending on faculty instructor. Prerequisites: determined by instructor.

BIO 341 Molecular Biology: Describes structure of chromosomes and organization of genomes. Examines replication, repair, transcription, and translation of genetic information, as well as methodology to study these processes. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIO 121 and CHM 220.

BIO 342 Biostatistics: Applies principles and practices of statistics to biological problems. Covers experimental design, descriptive statistics, parametric and nonparametric testing of hypotheses, regression, correlation, and interpretation of results. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIO 121.

BIO 344 Biology Journal Club: Assists students in advanced biology courses in developing the skills necessary to read, comprehend, and abstract material from primary source journals. Lecture only. Prerequisite: BIO 121.

BIO 345 Marine Mammalogy: Examines the biology of marine mammals using an evolutionary approach. Topics include the ecology, physiology, behavior, exploitation, and conservation of representative species of pinnipeds, cetaceans, and sirenians. Lecture only. Prerequisite: BIO 121.

BIO 360 Cell Biology: Correlates the structure and function of the cell. Discusses the impact of protein, carbohydrate, and lipid-based biochemistry on cellular metabolism, signaling and division as applied to neurobiology and cancer. Lab required. Prerequisites: BIO 121 and CHM 121 or CHM 131.

BIO 370 Developmental Biology: Studies gametogenesis, fertilization, and patterns of embryonic development, differentiation, and morphogenesis. Stresses concept of development program in animals established during gametogenesis, activated at fertilization, and expressed in subsequent development. Lab required. Prerequisites: BIO 308 or BIO 341.

BIO 388 Marine Biology Lab: Intensive multiweek field study of marine llife at off-campus marine laboratories. Comprehensive, in-field-ecological analyses of representative temperate or tropical marine ecosystems, including coral reefs, rocky/sandy intertidal, mangroves, and estuarine areas. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIO 210.

BIO 435 Senior Seminar in Marine Biology: Students direct analysis and discussions of integrative topics in marine biology. Emphasizes readings of classical and contemporary primary scientific literature. Lecture only. Prerequisites: marine biology major and senior standing.

BIO 440 Senior Seminar: Topics in Biology: Students direct analysis and discussion of integrative topics. Emphasizes readings of classical and contemporary primary scientific literature. Lecture only. Prerequisite: senior standing.

BIO 298/398/498 Independent Study: Library Research: Investigates literature on specific topic determined by student in conjunction with faculty sponsor. May be taken separately or as prelude toBIO 399/499 for two-term research project.

BIO 399/499 Independent Study: Biological Research: Pursues lab, field, or theoretical work on topic of student interest. Students meet as group every other week to report on activities.