Rollins College established the Institutional Review Board (IRB) to protect the rights of human participants and to promote professional research.
The goal of the IRB is to work with administration, faculty, staff, and student researchers in a collegial way to enhance the validity of their research by helping to ensure that projects involving human participants adhere to established ethical, moral, and legal standards. The IRB also serves to weigh any potential risk to research participants against the benefits that the proposed research may provide. Human research is any activity developed for the purpose of collecting and organizing data from human participants in such a manner as to test hypotheses, address research questions, or contribute to generalizable knowledge. The IRB reviews proposals to confirm that the project design provides safeguards for research participants.
Research proposals at Rollins College involve human participants should guarantee that:
Rollins College affirms that human research subjects should be treated with dignity, respect, and with due regard to their welfare. Those participating in research have the right to be informed regarding the nature of the research, including its methods and procedures (any aspect of the research that could reasonably influence a subject’s willingness to participate, the nature of any benefits for the research subject or for society, and its reasonable foreseeable risks); the right to withdraw from participation in the research without penalty; and the right to have the subject’s confidentiality respected.
Fundamental to the work of Rollins College is the need to instruct both students and faculty as to the most appropriate manner in which to carry out academic research. The review of research projects involving human subjects helps those engaged in such research to construct information-gathering devices (including interviews and surveys) so as to adhere to the ethical standards set out in point 1 (above).
Rollins College must comply with Federal Regulations concerning experimentation involving human subjects (45 C.F. R. Part 46, Protection of Human Subjects).
According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Institutional Review Board membership should include:
In addition to meeting federal requirements, the Rollins College IRB shall consist of members of the faculty and members of the student body.